From March 1, 2023, Law No. 222-FZ of June 28, 2022 will come into force. It establishes a new procedure for the payment of compensation for the seizure of livestock or livestock products during the elimination of foci of especially dangerous animal diseases. An important innovation is that the owner of seized animals may be denied compensation or reduce its amount, according to the ACCOR website.
According to the new rules, after receiving an application for compensation for damage, local authorities will send a request to the territorial departments of Rosselkhoznadzor. The essence of the requests is to establish whether the owner of the animals has committed violations of veterinary legislation over the past 12 months. If it turns out that there were violations, the amount of compensation can be reduced by 25 or 50%, or even refuse to compensate for the damage. The list of such violations was determined by the Ministry of Agriculture. Thus, the amount of compensation can be reduced for not informing the veterinary services about all cases of illness or death of livestock, for established facts of walking pigs or their contacts with other animals, for violations in the handling of especially hazardous biological waste, and in a number of other cases. In case of repeated violation of veterinary rules, compensation may be denied. If, in case of a suspicion or diagnosis of a particularly dangerous animal disease, the enterprise in the products put into circulation reveals the causative agent of this disease, compensation will be denied immediately.
From March 1, Law No. 248-FZ of July 14, 2022 on livestock by-products will come into force, as well as a number of veterinary rules:
- on keeping goats and sheep (Order of the Ministry of Agriculture No. 774 dated November 1, 2022);
- on the fight against pasteurellosis (Order of the Ministry of Agriculture No. 770 of October 31, 2022);
- for the control of plague of small ruminants (Order of the Ministry of Agriculture No. 741 of October 26, 2022).
Also, from March 1, 2023, new rules for the veterinary sanitary examination of honey, bee bread and royal jelly will come into force. They were approved by the order of the Ministry of Agriculture No. 713 of October 18, 2022.
In addition, as of March 1, 2023, the amendments to the Law on Responsible Treatment of Animals will come into force. The amendments are introduced by Law No. 392-FZ of October 7, 2022. According to the new rules, requirements for keeping animals in places where they are sold should be established. According to the developers of the amendments, the prescribed requirements will make it impossible to trade dogs and cats in pet stores and bird markets. Smaller fauna, such as aquarium fish, ornamental birds and rodents, will continue to be sold in pet stores if they create the necessary conditions for them.