The share of bulls producing Russian reproductions of local breeds is steadily declining, and by 2030 will reach an alarming level, which will lead to the loss of genetic sovereignty, said Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) Irina Donnik.
“If in the 80s there were 10-11 thousand sires, now there are only 1213 heads,” Irina Donnik cited the data at the livestock round table “Dairy farming in the era of global changes” as part of the agricultural exhibition of achievements of the agro-industrial complex “ TatAgroExpo.
This trend threatens the closure of breeding enterprises in Russia, the scientist noted.
According to her, Russia lacks its own reproduction of the Holstein, Simmental, Ayrshire and Brown Swiss breeds of cattle (cattle).
At the same time, the process of displacement of local genetic material is provoked by the dangerous expansion of North American and European companies selling breeding material, including deep-frozen semen, including sex-separated embryos.
“But the genetic material that performs well, for example, in Japan or Canada, in our conditions may not work like that, including due to climatic conditions, conditions of detention, the absence or lack of genetic links between Russian and foreign herds” , the speaker concluded.
Full version on the website Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences warned about the dangerous dynamics of the reduction in the number of sires