Sharip Sharipov, First Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food of the Republic of Dagestan, visited the Khasavyurt District to study the development of horticulture in the Khasavyurt District. Accompanied by the deputy head of the district, Nurula Murtazaliev, the head of the district agricultural department, Idris Zagalov, and the director of the Union of Gardeners of Dagestan, Saidulla Oruskhanov, he visited the Oruskhanov farm, where a modern nursery is being laid.
As the director of the Union of Gardeners of Dagestan Saidulla Orushanov said, at the first stage, a nursery on 3 hectares is being laid. We work closely with colleagues from the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, studied the achievements of scientists from the Michurinsk Agrarian Center, and prepared high-quality rootstock material. The emphasis in the structure of production of planting material is going to be made on the cultivation of seedlings of stone fruit crops, which are very common in the republic.
“Our farmers have experience. We actively support gardeners not only in our region, but people come to us from the most remote areas, including from Kaitag and other regions. As part of the development of the “Mountain Gardening” program, the Union of Gardeners helps to establish gardens in Nagorno-Dagestan,” said Saidulla Orushanov.
According to the deputy head of the district, Nurula Murtazaliev, at present, the area of gardens in the Khasavyurt district is 2204 hectares. This direction is a priority today, dozens of projects have been implemented, there are more than 700 hectares of intensive gardens. Agrarians of the district see the prospects for horticulture and are determined to further develop this area.
According to the First Deputy Minister, today the resurgent horticulture of Dagestan is in dire need of high-quality planting material. In the context of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in terms of the area of gardens, our republic occupies the 2nd place with 28.8 thousand hectares of gardens. And with regard to the areas of stone fruit gardens, our position is even better. The area of such orchards in the region reaches 11.3 thousand hectares – this is the first place in the Russian Federation, or almost 59% of the total area of stone fruits in the North Caucasus Federal District and about 10% in the whole country.
“Among stone fruits, our traditional culture, apricot, stands out in particular, which is in great demand due to its high useful qualities. It is gratifying that in this fruit nursery a prominent place is given to the cultivation of apricot seedlings, especially of the intensive type. Because today the focus is on intensive gardening and their area in Dagestan is about 4 thousand hectares. In general, for the period from 2010 to 2022, 17 thousand hectares of all types of gardens were planted in the republic. Most of all, it was planted in Suleiman-Stalsky (2650 ha), Magagaramkent (2160 ha) and Khasavyurt (1309 ha) districts. The Republic has potential. Today we have about 10 fruit nurseries of different capacities. In this area, this nursery is today the most modern. We see that the seedlings grown in this nursery are in demand. For its part, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Republic of Dagestan provides support in the framework of stimulating the development of the industry,” said Sharip Sharipov.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Republic of Dagestan intends to further work out proposals for increasing the production of seedlings of such traditional crops for Dagestan as apricot, cherry, plum. Because today they are taking measures to revive mountain-valley gardening, and stone fruit crops are the most popular and adapted in this zone. There is a special direction within the framework of the state program for the development of mountain territories for laying gardens for personal subsidiary plots.
“In general, the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia has shown good support and understanding of our initiatives. We intend to take the necessary measures to increase the output of our products. Last year, we grew about 210,000 tons of fruits and berries. This is almost 10,000 tons more than the previous year,” the First Deputy Minister noted.
Full version on the website In Dagestan, they intend to increase the area under the “golden apricot”