In the last decade, the coffee crop has been destroyed by heat and drought.
Due to global climate change, coffee yields are rapidly falling. Australian researchers predict that this will lead to shortages and higher prices for grains. The work of specialists is published in the journal PLOS Climate.
The researchers analyzed the effect of temperature, rainfall and humidity levels between 1980 and 2020 on coffee yields in 12 leading producing countries – Brazil, Ethiopia, Honduras, Peru, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Vietnam, India, Indonesia, Uganda and Colombia. . In the course of the work, it was determined that during the specified period, all regions encountered high temperatures, while the most dangerous anomalies occurred from 2010 to 2020.
Developing countries to be compensated for climate damage
Experts have found that earlier the death of the coffee crop was caused by cold weather and heavy rainfall, and in the last decade by heat and drought. In the future, the temperature will continue to rise, which will lead to problems with the production of coffee and an increase in the price of coffee.
Due to climate change, by 2050, the area suitable for growing coffee will be reduced by up to 50%. At the same time, according to the study, southeast Brazil and southwest Ethiopia will be the least affected due to rising temperatures.