The possibilities of further increasing the economic efficiency of rice growing in the Republic of Dagestan were discussed on March 13 in Kizlyar as part of a seminar-meeting organized by the Federal Agrarian Scientific Center of the Republic of Dagestan together with the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Republic of Dagestan.
It was noted at the seminar that Dagestan has become one of the regions of the country that makes a significant contribution to rice production. At the end of 2022, about 130 thousand tons of rice were harvested from an area of about 30 thousand hectares in the republic. Also, in recent years, 4 large plants for the production of rice groats have been put into operation in the republic.
Scientific developments in the field of rice growing have resumed in Dagestan. This was announced by the head of the Federal Agrarian Research Center of the Republic of Dagestan Nariman Nimatulaev. Scientific work is aimed at meeting the needs of production. Two dozen popular varieties of Kuban selection are undergoing environmental tests, Dagestan scientists have begun work with varieties of Don and Volgograd selection. The work on the restoration of the rice variety of Dagestan selection, which was lost at one time, is being successfully carried out.
The participants of the seminar drew attention to the importance of forming the optimal varietal structure of rice. The choice of rice varieties should be based on specific scientific recommendations, since the responsiveness of varieties depends on specific soil-ecological, agrochemical, weather factors. Only by ensuring the selection of zoned and more modern varieties can significantly increase the efficiency of rice cultivation.
A lively discussion at the event was caused by the issue of irrigation regime, ensuring the rational use of irrigation water. Rice is a water-consuming crop. Dagestan rice growers face difficulties because Terek’s muddy water forces planning checks every year, while in other rice-growing regions, planning is carried out every 5-6 years. In this regard, Dagestan rice growers are forced to spend money on the purchase of planners; today almost every farm has them.
Sergei Garkusha, director of the Federal Research Center for Rice, spoke at the seminar.
The results of the seminar were summed up by the First Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food of the Republic of Dagestan Sharip Sharipov.